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Ders Tanımı

Ders Kodu Yarıyıl T+U Saat Kredi AKTS
DIOPHANTINE EQUATIONS MAT 585 0 3 + 0 3 6
Ön Koşul Dersleri
Önerilen Seçmeli Dersler
Dersin Dili Türkçe
Dersin Seviyesi Yüksek Lisans
Dersin Türü SECMELI
Dersin Koordinatörü Dr.Öğr.Üyesi BAHAR DEMİRTÜRK BİTİM
Dersi Verenler
Dersin Yardımcıları Research asistants of mathematics department
Dersin Kategorisi
Dersin Amacı
Introducing Diophantine equations and finding the answer of the question" Is given Diophantine equation be solvable? If it is solvable, are its solutions finite or infinite? What are the all solutions of this equation?". All solutions of Diophantine equations will be obtained by different methods, with uzing number theory and algebra knowledge. Moreover our aim is investigating the relation between Fibonacci-Lucas numbers and Diophantine equations, Pell-Pell Lucas numbers and Diophantine equations.
Dersin İçeriği
Definition of Diophantine equations, elementary Methods for Solving Diophantine equations; The Factoring Method, using Inequalities, the parametric method, the modular arithmetic method, the method of mathematical induction, Fermats method of infinite descent, some classical Diophantine equations; linear Diophantine equations, Pythagorean triples and related problems, Pell-Type equations, solving Pells equation, the equation , some advanced methods for solving Diophantine equations; the ring of Gaussian integers, the ring of integers of , Quadratic Reciprocity and Diophantine equations, divisors of certain forms such as a^2+b^2, a^2+2b^2 and a^2-2b^2.
Dersin Öğrenme Çıktıları Öğretim Yöntemleri Ölçme Yöntemleri
1 - He/she recognizes Diophantine equations. 1 - 2 - 14 - 15 - A - B - C -
2 - He/she learns solving methods of Diophantine equations. 1 - 2 - 14 - 15 - A - B - C -
3 - He/she recognizes Pell equations and investigates solutions of them. 1 - 2 - 14 - 15 - A - B - C -
4 - He/she learns properties of Gauss integers ring Z[i]. 1 - 2 - 14 - 15 - A - B - C -
5 - He/she learns properties of integers ring Q(d^1/2). 1 - 2 - 14 - 15 - A - B - C -
6 - He/she understands the relation between Legendre symbol and solutions of Diophantine equations. 1 - 2 - 14 - 15 - A - B - C -
Öğretim Yöntemleri: 1:Lecture 2:Question-Answer 14:Self Study 15:Problem Solving
Ölçme Yöntemleri: A:Testing B:Oral Exam C:Homework

Ders Akışı

Hafta Konular ÖnHazırlık
1 Definition of Diophantine equations.
2 Some elementary methods for solving Diophanitne equations; decomposition method, inequalities, parametric method.
3 Modular arithmetic and induction method.
4 Fermats infinite descent method.
5 Some classical Diophantine equations: Linear Diophantine equations.
6 Pisagor triples and related problems.
7 Pell equations.
8 Solutions of Pell equations.
9 Solutions of the equation ax^2-by^2=1.
10 Some further methods for solutions of Diophantine equations.
11 Gauss integers ring Z[i].
12 Integers ring Q(d^1/2).
13 Legendre symbol and Diophantine equations.
14 Divisors of the form a^2+b^2, a^2+2b^2 and a^2-2b^2.

Kaynaklar

Ders Notu
Ders Kaynakları Fibonacci and Lucas Numbers and the Golden Section, S. Vajda, Ellis Horwood Limt. Publ., England, 1989.

An Introduction to Theory of Numbers, Ivan Niven, Herbert S. Zuckerman, Hugh L. Montgomery, Wiley, 1991.

Number Theory Volume I: Tools and Diophantine Equations, Henri Cohen, Springer, 2007.

An Introduction to Diophantine Equations: A Problem Based Approach Book, Titu Andrescu, Dorin Andrica, Ion Cucurezeanu, Birkhouse, 2010.

Döküman Paylaşımı


Dersin Program Çıktılarına Katkısı

No Program Öğrenme Çıktıları KatkıDüzeyi
1 2 3 4 5
1 Develop strategic, political and practice plans and evaluate the results by taking into account the quality process in his/her area of expertise X
2 Student follows the current journals in his/her field and puts forward problems. X
3 Student understands the relations between the disciplines pertaining to the undergraduate programs of Mathematics X
4 Student gets new knowledge by relating the already acquired experience and knowledge with the subject-matters out of his/her field. X
5 Student uses different proof methods to come to a solution by analyzing the problems encountered. X
6 Student determines the problems to be solved within his/her field and if necessary takes the lead. X
7 Student conveys, in team work, his/her knowledge in the studies done in different disciplines by applying the dynamics pertaining to his/her own field. X
8 Student critically evaluates the knowledge got at the bachelor´s degree level, makes up the missing knowledge and focuses on the current subject-matters X
9 Student knows a foreign language to communicate orally and in writing and uses the foreign language in a way that he/she can have a command of the Maths terminology and can do a source research. X
10 Student improves himself/herself at a level of expertness in Mathematics or in the fields of application by improving the knowledge got at the bachelor´s degree level. X
11 Student considers the scientific and cultural ethical values in the phases of gathering and conveying data or writing articles. X

Değerlendirme Sistemi

YARIYIL İÇİ ÇALIŞMALARI SIRA KATKI YÜZDESİ
AraSinav 1 70
Odev 1 30
Toplam 100
Yıliçinin Başarıya Oranı 50
Finalin Başarıya Oranı 50
Toplam 100

AKTS - İş Yükü

Etkinlik Sayısı Süresi(Saat) Toplam İş yükü(Saat)
Course Duration (Including the exam week: 16x Total course hours) 16 3 48
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 16 3 48
Mid-terms 1 20 20
Quiz 0 0 0
Assignment 1 20 20
Oral Examination 0 0 0
Final examination 1 20 20
Toplam İş Yükü 156
Toplam İş Yükü /25(s) 6.24
Dersin AKTS Kredisi 6.24
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